Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Today in Military History 7/2

Death of Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg at Göllheim.

963  The Imperial Army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.

1214  The French defeat the English at the Battle of Roche-au-Moine during the Anglo-French War of 1202-1214.

During the contention for the throne of Holy Roman Empire, the Battle of Göllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg. It was a decisive Habsburg victory resulting in Albert I being elected "King of Romans."

The Battle of Bulgnéville was fought between two cousins, ​​René I d'Anjou and Antoine de Vaudémont, over partition of the Duchy of Lorraine after the death of Duke Charles II. Although René was defeated and captured, the result was reversed by diplomatic means in the years following.

1461  The Malatesti of Rimini defeat Pope Pius II's forces at the Battle of Nidastore.

The Battle of Nieuwpoort

1555  The Ottoman Admiral Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.

  Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.

1582  Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide at the Battle of Yamazaki.

1600  At the Battle of Nieuwpoort the Dutch army under Maurice of Nassau and Francis Vere defeat the Spanish army under Albert of Austria,

  The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall takes place.

The Battle of Marston Moor

1644  During the English Civil Wars at tBattle of Marston Moor, the combined forces of the Scottish Covenanters under Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven and the English Parliamentarians under Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron and Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, defeated the Royalists commanded by Ruprecht, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke of Bavaria and William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

1645  The Royalist defeat the Scots Covenanters at the Battle of Alford during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

1704  British and Allied Imperialist forces commanded by the Duke of Marlborough storm a French and Bavarian defensive position at the Battle of Donauwörth.

During the War of the Austrian Succession at the Battle of Lauffeld, Marshal Saxe led the French forces to victory against the Pragmatic Army, the combined forces of the British and Hanoverians under the banner of the Duke of Cumberland, and the Dutch Republic, fighting under the Prince of Orange.

The Battle of Lauffeld

1777  The British begin the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga during the American Revolutionary War.

  The French begin the Capture of Grenada from the British during the American Revolutionary War.
The capture on the Detroit River of the American merchant schooner Cuyahoga Packet. The American vessel contained official documents with information valuable to the British belonging to Brigadier General William Hull. Hull was unaware that war had been declared when he dispatched the schooner. (Naval);

1823  Bahia Independence Day, the Siege of Salvador puts an end to Portuguese rule in Brazil with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.

The Siege of Salvador

1853  The Russian Army crossed the Pruth river into the Danubian Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia, providing the spark that set off the Crimean War.

1861  The Union victory at Battle of Hoke’s Run is notable as an early engagement of Confederate Colonel Thomas J. Jackson and his Brigade of Virginia Volunteers, nineteen days before their famous nickname would originate during the ACW.

1871 Victor Emmanuel II of Italy enters Rome after having conquered it from the Papal States.
1900  Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's first airship, the LZ-1, makes its first flight.

1917  The Battle of Zborov ends with a Czechoslovak local victory as part of the Kerensky Offensive during WWI.

1944  The British take Foiano, Italy during WWII.

Note:  As always, these military history posts are meant to be just a quick, fun read for wargamers of all types to enjoy. Maybe even inspire a gaming scenario, campaign, or even a new project.  Feel free to add (or correct) anything major (or at least something important to you) I might have missed in the comments below.  I do tend to cut things off around the Korean War.  Enjoy!.

1 comment:

  1. A good day...some of my favourite engagements are in todays mix.